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Pearl Education

 

Pearls are very versatile and noble. whether they are simple pearl earrings, pearl necklaces with a very dignified temperament, or brooches with a sense of design, they are all pearls with their own characteristics. Just leaving it like that can already meet the hearts of these women very well. Each pearl uses its own roundness and brightness, which is one of the main reasons why so many women have always liked it very much. So when we want to buy a pearl, we should first understand some related knowledge, the answer you want, BAOYUE PEARL Education page will give you all the answers.

 

We should understand that natural pearls and these cultured pearls are actually essentially different. Pearls that have not undergone any artificial cultivation are treasures salvaged by humans in the sea . The number is very rare, usually, The gloss on the surface is different from that of cultured pearls. Cultured pearls will be smoother and brighter. Only when they are salvaged in water without any artificial cultivation can be regarded as natural pearls. The word "natural" has not been mentioned in the authentication certificate. Basically, everyone can acquiesce that these are cultivated.

 

Actually, nearly 99% of the pearls on the market are all formed after cultivation. Whether saltwater pearls or freshwater pearls, no matter where they are produced, most of these pearls are acquired by cultivated. 

Use these links to navigate BAOYUE PEARL Education.

Pearl Basics

From ancient royalty to Audrey Hepburn in "Breakfast at Tiffany's", pearls are beloved jewels whose color, shape and brilliance are unmatched by all other gems. The soft luster and silky texture of pearls are delightful and exude elegance. These days, this gem is everywhere, whether it's a small town picnic or an urban wedding and every other occasion. whether you are a pearl buyer, or a common fan, from this part, you will know pearls basics knowledges.

Pearl Grading Guide  : The General International Standards Guide  

Different types of pearls have their own unique shapes, read this link: Pearl Shapes 

Read this article to know about this pearl colors, the link: Pearl Colors

Read this article to know Pearl Sizes. the Link :  Pearl Sizes

Pearl Origins : Diving Deep Into the History of Cultured Pearls

Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater pearls refer to pearls produced in rivers, rivers and lakes. Like other jewelry, freshwater pearls also have related grades, but the grades of freshwater pearls are mainly based on pearl size, luster, and roundness. The price difference between different grades is also relatively large, You can learn some related articles about freshwater pearls from the following...

Akoya Pearls

Akoya are the classic pearls, prized for their perfect round shape and unmistakable luster.

For over ten years cooperation, we have been working with the some family-run pearl companies in Japan. They understand our rigorous grading standards and select pearls specifically for BAOYUE PEARL. We are Akoya Pearls wholesale, they ensure the pearls we offer are from the top range of each grading category. This is something you'll recognize and appreciate the moment you receive Akoya pearls.

South Sea Pearls

South Sea Pearls are a type of pearl produced by the Pinctada Maxima oyster in Australia, Philippines, Myanmar and Indonesia. They are characterized because they are the scarcest type of pearl, the largest in size (from 9mm to 20 mm in exceptional cases) and for their nacre thickness (from 2 to 6mm). While freshwater pearls take 6 months to be cultivated, South Sea Pearls take more than 3 years.

 

The main colors are Gold and White, with a multitude of overtones. Perfectly round shapes are the rarest, less than 4% of the production in a common pearl farm.
South Sea Pearls shapes can be round, oval, button, drop, circle and baroque, and their luster is luxurious.

Wanna to know South sea pearl grading ? Read this article link: South Sea Pearl Garding 

The main characteristic that differentiates South Sea pearls is the nacre, which is thicker than other types of pearls (2-4mm). The nacre is the natural coating with which the pearl covers the nucleus. Another characteristic is the size, that while in Akoya pearls goes from 3-9mm, in South Sea pearls it goes from 8-20mm, in some exceptional cases with 22mm pearls. It also highlights the luster, which has a satin luster compared to akoya or freshwater pearls.

The value of South Sea pearls is determined by 5 factors: size, shape, color, luster and surface.

 

Size: The size influences the value. The average size of South Sea pearls is between 9-20 mm, and the average is 12 mm. The bigger the size of the pearl, the higher its value.

 

Shape: Pearls, being an organic gem produced by the Pinctada Maxima Oyster, present all kinds of shapes. Baroque, pear-shaped, round, semicircular, circular... Traditionally the most valued size has been the perfect round, for pearl necklaces. But new tendencies in the artisan creation of jewelry and thanks to jewelry designers, precious jewelry is created with any type of pearl.

 

Luster: The most valued luster is the metallic and luxurious luster, where the face of the one who is looking at the pearl is reflected. This characteristic only occurs in some pearls.

 

Color: This characteristic will depend on the type of pearl. In the white pearls of the South Seas it should be white metallic and luxurious, while in the golden pearls of the South Seas it should be dark and golden.

 

Surface: The surface of the pearl or also known as "skin". Pearls, being a natural gem, it is normal that they present small spots known in the pearl world as "fish bites". The cleaner the pearl surface is, the higher its value will be.

 

White South Sea Pearls are also produced by Pinctada Maxima Oyster, specifically by Silver-lipped South Sea Pearl.

 

Although they are mainly cultivated in Australia, there are also some farms in the Philippines.They are highly appreciated in the American and European markets.

 

White South Sea Pearls also have different shapes, such as baroque, tear drop or semi-round, being the most appreciated the round ones.

 

There are several colors or overtones of white pearls, such as silver or cream, but undoubtedly the most valued is the one known as Paper White.

Golden South Sea Pearls are produced by gold-lip Pinctada Maxima Oyster,The color of the golden pearls should be golden, not yellow.

 

Size of golden pearls ranges from 8 to 20 mm.Golden South Sea pearls are produced in the Philippines, Indonesia and Myanmar.

 

They have several overtones, being the most valued in the market the deep golden one.

 

There is a big variety of Golden South Sea Pearls shapes, like round, drop, baroque or tear shape.

Perfectly round pearls, with a deep golden color and high luster are scarce, being less than 1% of the annual production of a pearl farm.

 

The nacre of Golden South Sea Pearls is very thick.The task of a jeweler willing to create necklaces with golden pearls must be to find golden pearls that match in size, color, shape, and luster.

 

For this reason, golden pearl necklaces have traditionally been a luxury available to very few.

 

South Sea Pearl Culturing Process

 

A nucleus is introduced by pearl farmers for Pearl Formation. It is popularly thought that pearls are formed when a grain of sand is introduced in the oyster and it is coated as a natural defense, and this is so, but the probability of finding an oyster in the ocean, which has formed a quality and round pearl is of 1 in 1 million. That is why pearl growers introduce a nucleus which is normally mantle tissue, so that the pearl surrounds it and segregates nacre. Once this process is done, it will take 2-3 years for the oyster to form a pearl.

All this process is observed by expert cultivators, who watch a multitude of factors that can affect the formation of the pearl, such as the temperature of the water, currents, that the water is not clean or inclemencies of the time. South Sea Pearls are the type of pearl that takes by far the longest time to form.

How to take care of your South Sea pearls?

 

Pearls are a precious organic gem, and they are a treasure that can be passed from generation to generation if they are well cared for. That is why we explain how to take care of your pearls:

 

1. Pearls are kept in a humid environment, that is why it is good that they are in contact with your skin and that you wear them often.


2. Pearls are the first thing you take off when you get home, and the last thing you put on when you are getting ready. It is good to avoid that the pearls come in contact with perfumes, creams or any beauty product, for that reason it is always recommended to put them on when you finish dressing up.


3. It is advisable to keep pearls separately, since being in contact with other objects or jewelry can damage or scratch their surface.


4. If you see that the surface of your pearls is getting damaged, or they are losing their luster, take them to your trusted jeweler. They should not charge much for treating them to recover the luster.


5. DO NOT bathe with them. To take a shower is not recommended but it does not happen either, what can seriously affect the pearls is the chlorine of the swimming pools, which can make them lose luster.

Tahitian Pearls

Tahitian pearls are pearls from the Pinctada Margaritifera oyster, also known as a black-lipped oyster. Tahitian pearls are mainly produced in French Polynesia. Tahitian pearls are characterized by their black color, although they can present a multitude of overtones such as green, brown, blue, and so on. They are the main export of French Polynesia and must fulfill strict quality requirements before being exported.

 

The history of Tahitian pearls goes back hundreds of years, when Julius Caesar gave his lover Servilia a Tahitian pearl. However, the commercial success of these pearls did not come until Salvador Assael imported them and started selling Tahitian pearl jewelry in New York.


Since then the success of Tahitian pearls has not stopped growing. The current vice-president of the government, Kamala Harris, uses to wear Tahitian pearls on multiple occasions.

 

Tahitian pearls grading

Tahitian pearls, like all pearls, are organic and relatively soft, but with gentle, loving care they can keep their beauty through generations. First and foremost, remember the adage "pearls should be the last thing you put on and the first thing you should take off."

 

Maintenance


♠ A pearl's skin can be damaged by chemicals found in lotions, cosmetics and perfumes. This is why your pearls should be put on after your hair and make up are completely done.

 

♠ It varies from person to person, but perspiration can affect a pearl's surface. It's not a bad idea to wipe them clean with a soft cloth after you wear them.

 

♠ To clean pearls, use a soft, damp cloth. If the pearls are particularly dirty you can use a tiny dot of mild soap to help remove grit and grime.

 

♠ If you wear your pearl strands regularly it's suggested to have them re-strung once a year or more if worn daily.

 

Storage

 

♠ Pearls can be easily scratched by metals, gem stones or any other hard substance, so it's important to store them separately from your other jewelry or wrapped in a soft cloth or pouch.

 

♠ Fasten any clasps and lay the jewelry flat where it won't get tangled and jostled.

 

♠ Pearls like being stored in breathable materials like silk and it's said they can become dehydrated if locked for long periods of time in a box.

The most common black pearl is the Tahitian pearl.

 

It gets its name from the locality, the French Polynesian islands, around its capital Tahiti. These pearls are cultured in giant black lip oysters, the Pinctada Margaritifera, allowing for them to grow in large sizes. The irritant can take 2-3 years before the pearl is ready to harvest. Tahitian pearls range from 8mm-21mm in size.

 

The round black Tahitian pearls have a high luster that can appear in shades of peacock, black, brown, gray, blue, green and purple. The darker varieties are the most popular, with true black being the most rare and expensive. Even though they are marketed as black pearls, most often this black is actually a charcoal gray, silver or dark green. The most common shape is round, but you can also find semi round, button, circle, oval, teardrop, baroque and semi-baroque. Necklaces, pendants and earrings are the most common types of jewelry set with Tahitian pearls that can be mounted on gold or leather cords.

Baroque Pearls

Baroque pearls are some of the most fascinating organic gems available on the jewelry market. They are the ideal choice for bold women who want to show the world just how special they are. They are the absolute opposite of traditional pearls because each one has its very own shape and size. This makes them extremely easy to use to create gorgeous pieces meant to fit every style. But just how valuable are Baroque pearls ? Let us tell you a few things about them, just to give you an idea of their significance and value.

Shape is one of the key factors taken into consideration when assessing pearls. There are two main types of peals out there, each of them branched out in subtypes. If a pearl is round, it is considered to be a traditional pearl. As for all the other irregular shaped ones, they are considered baroque.

The most common type are baroque freshwater pearls. Only less than 10% of freshwater pearls are round, which means that the vast majority of these pearls are baroque. But these are not the only types of pearls which are baroque. Saltwater pearls, as well as cultured and natural ones, also come in baroque shapes. Even some Akoya pearls, which are best known for their perfectly round specimens, have baroque shapes.

As we have previously mentioned, there are quite a few subtypes of baroque pearls. While all of them are misshapen, there are some features shared by certain specimens. Here are some of the subtypes of baroque pearls so that you can get an idea of just how vast this category really is.

 

COIN PEARLS

Coin pearls are a subtype of baroque pearls. They are round in shape and flat and their surface is very smooth. They are able to reflect light particularly well because they have a much larger flat surface than other types. This provides them with a spectacular luster. They are extremely appreciated in the jewelry making business because they can be used for amazing pieces, such as baroque pearl necklaces or baroque pearl earrings.

BAROQUE PEARLS
While baroque is the common term used to describe pearls that are not round, it is also one of the subtypes. It includes pearls shaped like elongated spheres. They are asymmetrical and their surface is dented and uneven. These pearls were greatly used in Victorian and Art Nouveau pieces.

TWIN PEARLS

This term is used to define two pearls that have fused together. They may have similar shapes or one of them might be larger than the other. They are ideal for baroque pearl stud earrings because they appear to be extremely elegant.

POTATO PEARLS

These are the smallest types of baroque pearls. They are not elongated, like other baroque shaped ones; instead they are small and often square, rounder, or lumpy. They are ideal for baroque pearl bracelets and baroque pearl necklaces.

CROSS PEARLS

This is a very special type of baroque pearl. The specimens from this category come in the shape of a cross, which makes them ideal for jewelry pieces with religious notes. They are true wonders of the natural world.

STICK PEARLS

Also known as BIWA pearls, stick pearls are elongated, flat, and narrow. Their shape resembles sticks of various sizes. Stick pearl pieces are absolutely stunning. They can be easily used for statement pieces because of their particular shape.

RICE PEARLS

These are small baroque pearls that resemble the shape of rice grains. They are rather close to traditional pearls because they are rounded, but remain imperfect. They are commonly drilled centrally and used for baroque necklaces and baroque bracelets.

EGG PEARLS

As the name suggests, the shape of the pearls from this subtype greatly resembles that of an egg. They have a wide bottoms and narrow tops. They are usually drilled vertically to preserve and highlight their unique shape.

HEART PEARLS

Similar to coin pearls, these baroque pearls are flat and have the shape of a heart. They are extremely appreciated in the jewelry making business because they can be used to create romantic baroque pearl pendants.

TEARDROP PEARLS

This is one of the most appreciated subtype of baroque pearls. They have a wide top and very narrow bottom that makes them resemble teardrops. They are extremely delicate and they are commonly used for luxury earrings.

LEAF PEARLS

These are the thinnest baroque shaped pearls. They are paper thing with a very bumpy and uneven surface. They can be used for a wide range of jewelry pieces, including bracelets, necklaces, and earrings.

KESHI PEARLS

Keshi pearls are the rarest type of baroque pearls. The mollusk rejects part of the seed, but the pearl continues to develop from there. This is why they do not have a center particle. They are mainly composed of nacre and appear to be elongated and have an extraordinary luster. They are the most appreciated baroque pearls on the jewelry market.

 

Because of their unusual shapes, baroque pearls cannot be assessed according to the standards imposed for traditional pearls. While some criteria are used to analyze both types of pearls, there is a very different way of interpreting the value of baroque pearls.

  • Type

The type of pearl that appears baroque shaped is always the main factor that determines its value. While the vast majority of misshapen pearls are freshwater pearls, their value is far lesser than that of baroque Akoya pearls, for example.

  • Shape

While traditional pearls are assessed according to how well-rounded they are, baroque pearls are analyzed according to the particular shape they take. As we have explained above, the most valuable baroque shaped pearls are Keshi pearls, baroque pearls and cross pearls.

  • Size

Whether it is traditional or irregular in shape, the size of a pearl will always be extremely important for determining its value. As for classic pearls, the larger the pearl, the more valuable it is.

  • Color

Baroque pearls are used to create a wide range of jewelry pieces. As such, the color of the pearl is very important in assessing its value. Since most irregular pearls come in shades or white, salmon and pink, dark-colored pearls are the most valuable because they are extremely rare.

  • Luster

A pearl’s luster is determined according to how well they can reflect light. Coin pearls and Keshi pearls are the most valuable types of baroque pearls because they have the best luster in the entire category.

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Pearls Sizes in REAL Life (Printable PDF)

This handy little printable PDF is useful for seeing seeing how large (or small) you can expect the pearls you're purchasing to be. We've included the most common and popular pearl necklace sizes from 6.0-6.5mm through 9.0-9.5mm.

Pro Tip:  you can use this guide to determine how many pearls per inch to expect for each necklace (not including knots).

To view EXACTLY how each pearl size will appear in real life, download and print our PDF guide here:

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